HISTORY OF COLOUR
Henna was used by the Egyptians in order to cover grey hair. Later, the Greeks and Romans coloured their hair using plant extracts. They also produced a black hair dye that is permanent. Later, they switched to a mix which consisted and prepared with leeches only to learn that it was too poisonous to use.
Most people wore wigs throughout the Roman Empire, but some also employed a combination created from the ashes of burned plants or nuts in order to get the colour. Other ancient civilizations, such as the Saxons and the Gauls, dyed their hair a range of vivid colours to signify their rank.
The earliest recorded instance of a redhead who was born naturally took place in Scotland during the Dark Ages, when red hair first arose as a consequence of a genetic abnormality. People with naturally red hair have faced accusations of witchcraft for a long time. Red hair didn't become more popular until the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.
Until the 1800s, when English scientist William Henry Perkin made an unintended discovery that profoundly altered hair dye, not much had changed. In 1863, Perkins developed the first synthetic dye in an effort to find a malaria treatment. It was called Mauveine and was a mauve colour. Soon after, his chemistry professor August Hoffman extracted from Mauveine a color-changing molecule that is still the basis for the majority of permanent hair colours used today.
Up until the 1800s, not much changed—until English scientist William Henry Perkin made an unintended discovery that revolutionised hair colour. Perkins invented the first synthetic dye in 1863 in an effort to find a malaria treatment. The shade was mauve and was aptly called Mauveine. A color-changing molecule was soon extracted from Mauveine by his chemistry professor August Hoffman, and it is still the basis for the majority of permanent hair colours today.
Ever ponder the origin of the term "platinum blonde"? You may thank Jean Harlow and Howard Hughes for that. In 1931, Hughes made a movie named Platinum Blonde to capitalise on the hair colour of the young actress, Jean Harlow, in what may be the most effective public relations move ever. Many admirers instantly imitated Harlow's hair colour by doing the same. Hughes' team even established a network of Platinum Blonde clubs around the nation, offering a $10,000 reward to any hairstylist who could replicate Harlow's hue. (Harlow never acknowledged colouring her hair.)